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Central Asia > Kazakhstan > Kazakhs

Ethnic Kazakhs, a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who migrated into the region in the 13th century, were rarely united as a single nation. The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century, and Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936. During the 1950s and 1960s agricultural "Virgin Lands" program, Soviet citizens were encouraged to help cultivate Kazakhstan's northern pastures. This influx of immigrants (mostly Russians, but also some other deported nationalities) skewed the ethnic mixture and enabled non-ethnic Kazakhs to outnumber natives. Independence in 1991 drove many of these newcomers to emigrate. Kazakhstan's economy is larger than those of all the other Central Asian states largely due to the country's vast natural resources. Current issues include: developing a cohesive national identity; expanding the development of the country's vast energy resources and advancing political and social reform; and strengthening relations with neighboring states and other foreign powers.

by Said Atabekov - Kazakhstan << Previous Next >>

March 22, 2011. Nawruz Celebrations in the city of Shymkent. At the entrance to a yurt stand mannequins of a boy and a horse, symbolizing the hospitable greeting of guests. The yurt is made of contemporary materials, and the door is decorated with cloth hangings of traditional Kazakh designs.

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